15-17th Century Aceh Sultanate Gold Kupang, Islamic Kingdom Sumatra Isles (Founder Ali Mughayat Syah).


S$135
Singapore

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We have on great offer here a rare 15-17th Century Aceh Sultanate Gold Kupang, Islamic Kingdom Sumatra Isles (Founder Ali Mughayat Syah). The Sultanate of Aceh The Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam was a Sultanate centred in the modern-day Indonesian province of Aceh. It was a major regional power in the 16th and 17th centuries, before experiencing a long period of decline. Its capital was Kutaraja, the present-day Banda Aceh. At its peak it was a formidable enemy of the Sultanate of Johor and Portuguese-controlled Malacca, both on the Malayan Peninsula, as all three attempted to control the trade through the Strait of Malacca and the regional exports of pepper and tin with fluctuating success. In addition to its considerable military strength, the court of Aceh became a noted centre of Islamic scholarship and trade. Aceh's early history is unclear, but in one version it was founded by the Cham people. The Acehnese language is one of the 10 languages of the Aceh-Chamic language group. According to the Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals), the Champa king Syah Pau Kubah had a son Syah Pau Ling who escaped when the capital Vijaya was sacked by the Vietnamese Lê dynasty in 1471, and who later founded the Aceh kingdom. The ruler of Aceh converted to Islam in the mid-15th century. The Sultanate was founded by Ali Mughayat Syah, who began campaigns to extend his control over northern Sumatra in 1520. His conquests included Deli, Pedir, and Pasai, and he attacked Aru. His son Alauddin al-Kahar (d.1571) extended the domains farther south into Sumatra, but was less successful in his attempts to gain a foothold across the strait, though he made several attacks on both Johor and Malacca, with the support along with men and firearms from Suleiman the Magnificent's Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire sent a relief force of 15 Xebecs commanded by Kurtoğlu Hızır Reis. On 21 June 1599 a Dutch captain, Cornelius Houtman arrived at "Acheen" aboard the Lioness as the first of three planned voyages to the East Indies. The crew stayed for three months acquiring pepper and other spices. British crew member John Davis claims the party was subsequently attacked by the local warlord with the loss of 68 dead and captured. After they arrived, they were permitted by the Sultan to purchase pepper The same year, representatives of the English East India Company under the command of James Lancaster. He returned in 1602 bearing a letter from English Queen Elizabeth I. The Sultan from 1589 to 1604 was Alauddin Riayat Shah ibn Firman Shah. Internal dissension in the Sultanate prevented another powerful Sultan from appearing until 1607, when Iskandar Muda came to the position. He extended the Sultanate's control over most of Sumatra. He also conquered Pahang, a tin-producing region of the Malayan Peninsula, and was able to force the Sultans of Johor to recognise his overlordship, if temporarily. During his reign he created a code of laws known as Adat Meukuta Alam (Adat meaning "customs", or "customary rules"). The strength of his formidable fleet was brought to an end with a disastrous campaign against Malacca in 1629, when the combined Portuguese and Johor forces managed to destroy all his ships and 19,000 troops according to Portuguese account. Aceh's forces were not destroyed, however, as Aceh was able to conquer Kedah within the same year and taking many of its citizens to Aceh. The Sultan's son in law, Iskandar Thani, former prince of Pahang later became his successor. During his reign Aceh focused on internal consolidation and religious unity. After the reign of Sultan Iskandar Thani, Aceh was ruled by a series of female Sultana. Aceh's previous policy of taking hostage from conquered kingdoms' population made them eager to seek independence, the results were Aceh's control weakened while regional rulers gained effective power. The Sultan ultimately became a largely symbolic title. By the 1680s, a Persian visitor could describe a northern Sumatra where "every corner shelters a separate king or governor and all the local rulers maintain themselves independently and do not pay tribute to any higher authority." One Kupang, Pure Gold. Mint condition, Pristine Almost Uncirculated Condition. Beautiful and Rare Islamic Gold Coin. Authenticity guaranteed for Life. Going for an extremely very fair price. Self pickup. You are looking at an original listing by Emporium-Antiquities.com. With 100% excellent Feedback, you can buy with confidence! Thank you for viewing this listing. Note: Please click the on-line Emporium @ http://emporium-antiquities.com/collections/everything www.Emporium-Antiquities.com Keywords: Golden Gold Silver Platinum Diamond Emerald Ruby Sapphire Jade Opal Coin Medal Thaler Taler Yen Won Dollar Cent Peso VOC British Straits Borneo Sumatra Java Batavia Malaya Aceh Malacca Singapore Malaysia Indonesia Japan Korea China Sultanate Victoria Edward George Elizabeth Dragon Eagle Proof UNC Uncirculated Merchant Trade King Emperor Queen Gift Present Piastre Indochine Cochin Ducat


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